School Breakfast Program Reports and Studies

Designs for Measuring How the School Breakfast Program Affects Learning

USDA. Economic Research Service.

Report describes a study design permitting a scientifically defensible evaluation of the impact of the School Breakfast Program on learning and cognitive development among children.


In Classroom Breakfast Programs: Best Practices

National Food Service Management Institute.

The purpose of this study was to determine the best practices of providing an in-classroom breakfast for schools. Published 2008.


Focus Group Discussions with Elementary School Foodservice Directors, Teachers, and Parents Regarding the School Breakfast Program

National Food Service Management Institute.

A study to identify the barriers related to elementary school children that do not participate in the School Breakfast Program. Published 2005.


School Breakfast in America's Big Cities

Food Research and Action Center.

In Breakfast in America's Big Cities, the Food Research and Action Center surveyed 23 large school districts, which were selected on the basis of size and geographic representation. The survey found that school strategies that make breakfast part of the school day were the most effective ways to reach children.


Breakfast for Learning (PDF | 80 KB)

Food Research and Action Center.

Recent scientific research on the link between children's nutrition and academic performance.


Eating Breakfast: Effects of the School Breakfast Program (PDF | 233.28 KB)

USDA. Food and Nutrition Service.

Report uses alternative definitions of breakfast to determine percentages of students eating breakfast and whether the School Breakfast Program increased the likelihood of eating breakfast.


Evaluation of the School Breakfast Pilot Project: Findings from the First Year of Implementation (PDF | 448 KB)

USDA. Food and Nutrition Service.

During the first year of implementation, the availability of universal-free school breakfast nearly doubled school breakfast participation. Read this study to learn more.


School Breakfast Program Briefing Room

USDA. Economic Research Service.

Offers on recent research developments, readings and data, questions and answers, and a collection of other ERS products and services addressing the issue.


School Breakfast Scorecard: School Year 2008-2009 (PDF | 940 KB)

Food Research and Action Center.

This report analyzes school breakfast participation for the 2008-2009 school year. While school breakfast participation (and lunch participation) increased from the previous school year, it did not grow fast enough to meet the urgent need. Less than half of eligible low-income children received breakfast at school each day. Much more must be done in order to reach eligible children and expand participation in the program.