Research Reports

School menu

View various reports, issue briefs, data sets, and coding and evaluation tools related to wellness policies.

Nutrition and the Health of Young People

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The CDC provides evidence supporting the importance of proper nutrition in young people including research regarding benefits of healthy eating, consequences of a poor diet, eating behaviors of young people, diet and academic performance. Additionally, the CDC provides key resources relating to nutrition and the health of young people.

Promoting Student Achievement through Improved Health Policy

National Association of State Boards of Education.

Promoting Student Achievement through Improved Health Policy is a quick primer of the CDC’s “Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child” model, which highlights 10 important areas for connecting health and learning.

Nutrition and Physical Activity

The National Association of State Boards of Education.

NASBE provides capacity-building assistance and information to education leaders to help them establish, maintain, and evaluate healthy school nutrition, physical activity and obesity prevention environments. Provided on this site are publications, reports and guidelines to help with establishing school wellness policies.

School Health Reports and Studies

Topic areas include plate waste, health policies, walk to school programs, and more.

Research on Local School District Wellness Policies

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Bridging the Gap.

This Web site has research products related to the annual collection and coding of school district wellness policies, including various research and progress reports on wellness policies, data sets, coding tools, and presentation slides on research findings.

Promoting Health through Local School Wellness Policies

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Bridging the Gap.

A series of briefs provide an assessment of policies across school districts nationwide, related to seven wellness policy components. State agencies, school districts, and schools can use these briefs to identify areas of opportunity to strengthen wellness policy components.

School District Wellness Policies: Evaluating Progress and Potential for Improving Children’s Health 5 Years After the Federal Mandate (PDF | 877.6 KB)

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Bridging the Gap.

This new report examines the latest data on wellness policies from nationally representative samples of school districts for each year, 2006-2007 through 2010-2011, including comparisons in policy provisions.

Comprehensive Coding System to Measure the Quality of School Wellness Policies (PDF | 284 KB)

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

The School Wellness Policy Evaluation Tool offers a consistent and reliable means of assessing the comprehensiveness and strength of school wellness policies within or among states.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation School Wellness Policy Research

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Find more research, news, articles, and issue briefs related to school wellness.

Competitive Foods and Beverages in U.S. Schools: A State Policy Analysis (PDF | 13.48 MB)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

This report details CDC’s analysis of requirements included in state laws, regulations, and policies related to the availability and nutritional content of competitive foods in schools on the basis of how closely they align with the recommendations in the Institute of Medicine’s Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools.

School Health Policies and Programs Study

DHHS . CDC . National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

National survey periodically conducted to assess school health policies and programs at the state, district, school, and classroom levels.

School Health Profiles


Biennial survey of secondary schools provides a look at the current status of school health education including school health policies related to HIV infection/AIDS, tobacco use prevention, unintentional injuries and violence, physical activity, food service, physical education, asthma management activities, and family and community involvement in school health programs.