Choking Prevention

Two Children Eating Together

Babies and young children are at risk of choking on food due to their underdeveloped chewing and swallowing abilities. Following the general guidelines provided in the resources below will reduce the risk of choking in children in your care.



Chapter 9 of Feeding Infants: A Guide for Use in the Child Nutrition Programs

USDA. Food and Nutrition Service.

All six pages of this chapter are dedicated to preventing choking in infants and children in child care settings.


Choking Infant (Up to One Year) (PDF | 152 KB)

Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota.

Provides easy to follow steps to relieve choking in an infant or young child. Also available in Spanish and Hmong


Foods Associated with Choking (PDF | 38 KB)

USDA. NAL. WIC Works Resource System.

This job aid from WIC Learning Online provides a list of foods to avoid serving to young children.


Infant and Child Lifesaving Steps (PDF | 35 KB)

USDA. Food and Nutrition Service.

Appendix A from Building Blocks for Fun and Healthy Meals provides choking prevention tips as well as a mini poster of infant and child lifesaving steps from the American Red Cross.


MyPlate Food Safety: Choking Hazards

USDA. The Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion.

Provides a list of foods that may be choking hazards and tips to prevent choking.


Preventing Choking on Food by Children: Safe Practice Guidelines for Child Care Facilities

Public Health Seattle & King County. Child Care Health Program.

Information on what to look for when choosing foods for children.